Optimizing Serverless Computing: Introducing an Adaptive Function Placement Algorithm


The main concept behind serverless computing is to build and run applications without the need for server management. It refers to a fine-grained deployment model where applications, comprising of one or more functions, are uploaded to a platform and then executed, scaled, and billed in response to the exact demand needed at the moment. While elite cloud vendors such as Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and IBM are now providing serverless computing, their approach for the placement of functions, i.e. associated container or sandbox, on servers is oblivious to the workload which may lead to poor performance and/or higher operational cost for software owners. In this paper, using statistical machine learning, we design and evaluate an adaptive function placement algorithm which can be used by serverless computing platforms to optimize the performance of running functions while minimizing the operational cost. Given a fixed amount of resources, our smart spread function placement algorithm results in higher performance compared to existing approaches; this will be achieved by maintaining the users’ desired quality of service for a longer time which prevents premature scaling of the cloud resources. Extensive experimental studies revealed that the proposed adaptive function placement algorithm can be easily adopted by serverless computing providers and integrated to container orchestration platforms without introducing any limiting side effects.

Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering